BIBLIOGRAPHY

Adrian Brown Consultants, Inc. 1998. Wellington-Oro Mine Sampling and Monitoring Plan. Breckinridge, Colorado. Innovative Environmental Solutions. Prepared for B&B Mines, September 14, 1998. 50 pages

Adrian Brown Consultants, Inc. 1998. Draft Remedial Demonstration Work Plan – Wellington-Oro Mine. Innovative Environmental Solutions. September 17, 1998.

American Geological Services, Inc. (AGS) July 30, 2003. Phase I Environmental Assessment, Peru Creek Drainage Basin, Summit County, Colorado. 500-600 pages.

American Geological Services, Inc (AGS), 2003a, Summit County Brownfields Study, Phase I phase1july302003.pdf

PHASEIJULY302003DKB2PART2.pdf

American Geological Services, Inc (AGS), 2003b, Summit County Brownfields Study, Phase II

Apodaca, Lori E. 1998. Analysis of Ground-water-Quality Data of the Upper Colorado River Basin, Water Years 1972-92. U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4240. 37 page report.  USGS apodaca 97-4240.pdf

Apodaca, L.E., Driver, N.E. and Bails, J.B. 2000. Occurrence, transport, and fate of trace elements, Blue River Basin, Summit County, Colorado: An integrated approach. Environmental Geology, Vol. 39, No. 8, pp. 901-913.  Apodaca 2000 Environmental Geology.pdf

Apodaca, L.E., and Bails, J.B. 2000. Water Quality in Alluvial Aquifers of the Southern Rocky Mountains Physiographic Province, Upper Colorado River Basin, Colorado, 1997. U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4222. 68 page report.

Appendix D. undated. Waste Characterization of the Pennsylvania Mine Effluent. 12 pages.

Author (?) February 3, 2005. Draft – Pennsylvania Mine Reuse Inventory Report, Summit County, Colorado.  USGS Apodaca 99-4222.pdf

Belanger, Laura. 2002. Source and Effect of Acid Rock Drainage in the Snake River Watershed, Summit County, Colorado. Master’s Thesis, University of Colorado. Belanger_Thesis_SnakeRiverWatershed.pdf

Bencala, K.E., Kimball, B.A., and McKnight, D.M. 1991. Use of Variation in Solute Concentration to Identify Interactions of the Substream Zone with Instream Transport: in Proceedings, U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program, U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034.

Bencala, K.E., McKnight, D.M., and Zellweger, G.W. May 1990. Characterization of Transport in an Acidic and Metal-rich Mountain Stream Based on a Lithium Tracer Injection and Simulations of Transient Storage. Water Resources Research, Vol.26, No. pp. 989-1000. Bencala 90.pdf

Bencala, K.E. and McKnight, D.M. 1987. Identifying In-Stream Variability – Sampling Iron in an Acidic Stream: Chemical Quality of Water and the Hydrologic Cycle, R.C. Averett and D.M. McKnight (Eds.), Lewis Publishers, Inc., Chelsea, MI, Chapter 15, pp. 255-269.  Bencala 1987 ch 15.pdf

Bencala, K.E., McKnight, D.M., and Zellweger, G.W. 1987. Evaluation of Natural Tracers in an Acidic and Metal-Rich Stream. Water Resources Research, Vol. 23, No. 5, pp. 827-836. Bencala 87 Water Resources Research.pdf

Berwyn, Bob. “Summit Closer to Starting Mine Cleanup – Federal Program Lifts Fear of Liability under Clear Water Act that Thwarted Past Efforts.” The Denver Post 26 January 2004: p. 3B.

Berwyn, Bob. “Snake River cleanup plan eyed; possible treatments: Task force to receive an update on funding, studies for what technology is best suited for the job.” Summit Daily News 31 May 2007: A1-A2.  Berwyn may 2007.doc

Berwyn, Bob. “Fish kill in Snake River traced to Peru Creek discharge: Metals-laden sediment may have been mobilized by heavy rains.” Summit Daily News 10 August 2007. Accessed June 25, 2008. <http://www.summitdaily.com>.

Berwyn, Bob. “Snake River sampling stepped up: Feds, state agencies to test for metals, study fish populations.” Summit Daily News 3 July 2007. Accessed June 25, 2008. <http://www.summitdaily.com>.

BOR, undated; Appendix A – Hydrologic Calculation for Proposed Power Interference Agreement between the City of Golden and the Bureau of Reclamation, Draft EA

Boulder Innovative Technologies. 1994. Pennsylvania Mine Drainage, Phase 1, Laboratory, Field Piloting and Acidic Mine Drainage Treatability Study, Program Years 1993 – 1994, and the Pennsylvania Mine Drainage Treatment Project, Conceptual Sludge Feasibility Study. Prepared for Colorado Department of Health, Colorado Division of Minerals and Geology. Vol. I – Main Report and Vol. II – Appendices A – N. May 27.

Boyer, Elizabeth W. 1994. Hydrology and the Variation of Dissolved Organic Carbon in Soil and Stream Waters of Two Headwater Catchments; Summit County, Colorado. A Master’s Thesis, University of Virginia, January.

Boyer, Elizabeth W., et. al. 1999. Streamflow and Water Quality Characteristics for the Upper Snake River and Deer Creek Catchments in Summit County, Colorado: Water Years 1980 to 1990. Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado. Occasional Paper No. 53.

Britton, L.J. 1979. Reconnaissance Evaluation of Surface Water in Eagle, Grand, Jackson, Pitkin, Routt, and Summit Counties, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 79-420.

Brooks, P.D. and McKnight, D. M.. 1999. The relationship between soil heterotrophic activity, soil dissolved organic carbon (DOC) leachate, and catchment-scale DOC export in headwater catchments. Water Resources Research.  Brooks 99.pdf

Brooks, P., et. al. 2001. Annual maxima in Zn concentrations during spring snowmelt in streams impacted by mine drainage. Environmental Geology Vol. 40, pp. 1447-1454.

Brownfields Federal Partnership. Mine-Scarred Lands Revitalization: Models Through Partnerships. The Year One Report, Mine-Scarred Lands Initiative (undated)

Chadwick Ecological Consultants, Inc., June 7, 2001. Proposed Monitoring Plan, North Fork Snake River. 4 pages

Chadwick Ecological Consultants, Inc. 1996. Final Report, Biological Investigation of the Aquatic Communities of the Snake and the North Fork of the Snake River. September. 28 p. chadwick eco consultants 96.pdf

Chadwick & Associates, February 1986. Fish Populations and Winter Hydrology, North Fork Snake River and Keystone Gulch. 26 pages (includes Appendix D, Summary of Macroinvertebrate and Fish Investigations, Snake River Watershed).

Chadwick & Associates, October 1985a. Benthic Invertebrates of Tributaries to Dillon Reservoir. Submitted to Keystone, Breckenridge, and Copper Mountain Ski Area. 28 pages. Chadwick 1985c.pdf

Chadwick & Associates, November 1985b. Fish populations of the Snake River, Tenmile Creek, and West Tenmile Creek upstream of Dillon Reservoir. 28 pages  Chadwick 1985b.pdf

Chadwick & Associates, October 1985c. Water Quality of Tributaries to Dillon Reservoir. Submitted to Keystone, Breckenridge, and Copper Mountain Ski Area. 12 pages.  Chadwick 1985.pdf

Chadwick & Associates. Appendix D-Macroinvertebrate and Fish Investigations, Snake River Watershed.

Church, S., von Guerard, P., and Finger, S. 2007. Integrated Investigations of Envrionmental Effects of Historical Mining in the Animas River Watershed, San Juan County, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 1651. Two Volumes.

Clements, Will. June 28, 1995. Water Quality Data from French Gulch, Blue River and Snake River. 1 page.

Clements, William H. May 02, 1995. Fishery & Wildlife Bio. Effects of heavy metals from mining on benthic communities in Peru Creek and French Gulch, Colorado. A proposal submitted to the Northwest Colorado Council of Governments Silverthorne, CO. 2 pages.

Clements, William H. December 04, 1996. Effects of Heavy Metals from mining on benthic communities in Peru Creek and French Gulch, Colorado. A Final Report Submitted to the Northwest Colorado Council of Governments, Silverthorne, CO. 35 p.  Clements final report 95.pdf

Clements, W.H. and Kiffney, P.M. 1995. The influence of elevation on benthic community responses to heavy metals in Rocky Mountain streams. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. Vol. 52, pp.1966-1977.  Clements-Kiffney 95.pdf

Colorado Department of Minerals and Geology (CDMG), Inactive Mine Section, 1994. Peru Creek – Pennsylvania Mine Project, Bio-Reactor Construction and Revegetation Construction Notes. 1994.

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE). 2000a. Management Plan: Water Quality Control Division, December.

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE). 2000b. Status of Water Quality in Colorado – 2000: Water Quality Control Division, Prepared in Fulfillment of Section 305(b) of the Clean Water Act of 1977 (P.L. 95-217), December, pp. II-32 and III/3-59.

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE). 2001. Antidegradation Significance Determination for New or Increased Water Quality Impacts: Procedural Guidance, August 16 (draft), 34 p.

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE). 2002. Status of Water Quality in Colorado – 2002: Water Quality Control Division, with Assistance from Mesa Technical Consultants, Prepared in Fulfillment of Section 305(b) of the Clean Water Act of 1977 (P.L. 95-217), December, pp. II-37 and III-45, and Tables III/3-24 and III/3-27 (draft).

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE). 2004. 303(d) List: Exhibit 1 – Water Quality Control Division Proposal, Upper Colorado River Basin Stream Segments COUCBL06, COUCBL07, and COUCBL08, 1p.

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE). 2006. Status of Water Quality in Colorado – 2002: Water Quality Control Division. The Update to the 2002 and 2004 305(b) Reports.  WQCD2006_305_b__Report.pdf

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE). 2007. Total Maximum Daily Load Assessment, Snake River and Peru Creek, Summit County, Colorado.  TMDL 2007.pdf

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE). 2008. 303(d) List.

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE). 2009. Stream Classifications and Water Quality Standards – Regulation 33.
Tables.

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE). 2008. Hazardous Materials and Waste Management Division. Final Analytical Results Report for Site Inspection: Cinnamon Gulch and Pennsylvania Mine Site, Summit County, CO. 48 p.  Pennsylvania Mine Site and Cinnamon Gulch – Final ARR.pdf
Tables:  Penn Mine Cinnamon Gulch Final ARR Tables.pdf
Figures 1-7: Penn Mine Cinnamon Gulch Final ARR Figures 1 of 4.pdf
Figures 8-16: Penn Mine Cinnamon Gulch Final ARR Figures 2 of 4.pdf
Figures 17-24: Penn Mine Cinnamon Gulch Final ARR Figures 3 of 4.pdf
Figures 25-32: Penn Mine Cinnamon Gulch Final ARR Figures 4 of 4.pdf

Colorado Division of Minerals and Geology (DMG). Undated. Project Summary Sheet. Pennsylvania Mine Drainage Treatment Project. Snake/Blue River.

Colorado Division of Minerals and Geology (DMG). 1994. Pennsylvania Mine Drainage Treatment Project: 319 Grant Proposal.  CDMG penn mine project summary sheet.pdf

Colorado Division of Reclamation Mining and Safety (DRMS). 2006. London Extension Tunnel Water Treatment System Acid Mine Drainage Treatment Plants do NOT have to cost Millions to Construct and Operate. 2006.

Colorado Division of Wildlife. 2008. Colorado listing of endangered, threatened, and wildlife species of special concern. Denver, Colorado, from http://wildlife.state.co.us/species_cons/list

Colorado Mined Land Reclamation Division (CMLRD). 1989. Application for Passive Treatment of Mine Drainage – Pennsylvania Mine Drainage Treatment Project. April. 14 sections

Colorado Mined Land Reclamation Division (CMLRD). Undated. Pennsylvania Mine Drainage Treatment Project, Passive Treatment of Mine Drainage Application.

Colorado Natural Heritage Program. 1997. Summit County Conservation Inventory Volume II: A Natural Heritage Assessment of Wetlands and Riparian Areas 1997 Final Report. December.

Colorado State University, College of Natural Resources.  volumeII1997.pdf

Colorado Natural Heritage. 2001. Conservation Ranks.

Colorado Watershed Assembly. 2004. State of Colorado’s Watersheds Report. 33 pgs

Colorado Water Quality Control Division. 2007. Total Maximum Daily Load Assessment,
Snake River and Peru Creek, Summit County, Colorado. Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Water Quality Control Division. September 20

Conaway, C.H. 1999. Geochemical Investigation of Water and Sediment in the Snake River Arm of the Dillon Reservoir, Summit County, Colorado. Master’s Thesis, Ohio State University.

Crowfoot, R.M., Boulger, R.W., and O’Neill, G.B. 2002. Water Resources Data, Colorado, Water Year 2001: U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Data Report CO-01-2, Volume 2. Colorado River Basin, pp 120-121 & 452.

Crowfoot, R.M., Boulger, R.W., and O’Neill, G.B. 2003. Water Resources Data, Colorado, Water Year 2002: U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Data Report CO-02-2, Volume 2. Colorado River Basin, pp118-119 & 442-443.

Crowfoot, R.M., Boulger, R.W., and O’Neill, G.B. 2004. Water Resources Data, Colorado, Water Year 2003: USGS, Water-Data Report CO-03-2, Volume 2. Colorado River Basin, pp 127-128 and 494.

Day, S.K. 2003. Snake River Watershed Site Maps and Water-Quality Data: e-mail transmittals to TDS Consulting Inc., July 7, several jpg and excel files (zipped).

Deacon, J.R., and Mize, S.V. 1997. National Water Quality Assessment. Effects of Water Quality and Habitat on Composition of Fish Communities in the Upper Colorado River Basin. U.S. Geological Survey, Fact Sheet FS-122-97. 4 pages  Deacon-mize factsheet 97.pdf

Deacon, J.R., and Stephens, V.C. 1998. Trace Elements in Streambed Sediment and Fish Liver at Selected Sites in the Upper Colorado River Basin, Colorado, 1995-1996. U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4124. 20 pp.  USGS Deacon 98-4124.pdf

Deacon, J.R., and Driver, N.E. 1999. Distribution of Trace Elements in Streambed Sediment Associated with Mining Activities in the Upper Colorado River Basin, Colorado, USA, 1995-96. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Technology Vol. 37, pp. 7-18.  Deacon 99 Env Cont and Toxic.pdf

Denver Water. 2001. Conservation with Bob Peter, hydrologist, Denver Water. December 21, 2001.

Denver Water Website. 2008.http://www.denverwater.org/waterquality/ConsumerConfidenceReport.html

Doshi, Sheela M. August 2006. Bioremediation of Acid Mine Drainage Using Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria. US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation.  Doshi 2006.pdf

Dougherty, Steve. 1994. Volunteers for Outdoor Colorado. The Peru Creek Water Quality Improvement Project. The Pennsylvania Mine, east of Keystone. August 6-7. 6 pages. Dougherty 94.pdf

Duren, Sabre,. McKnight, Diane., and Todd, Andrew. 2002. Update on Annual Monitoring of the Snake Basin: Preliminary Data Results. University of Colorado at Boulder, November 1, 11p.

Duren, Sabre M., 2004. Quantitative Hydrologic Evaluation of Dissolved Metal Loading and Transport in Peru Creek, an Acid Rock Drainage Stream: Summit County, Colorado. Master’s Thesis, University of Colorado at Boulder.  3 – MthesisFinal.doc

Emerick, J., Williams, L., and Cooper, D. 1988. Environmental Metal Concentrations and Wetland Treatment System Design Considerations for the Pennsylvania Mine, Peru Creek Drainage Basin, Colorado. Final Report submitted to the Mined Land Reclamation Division, Department of Natural Resources. Contract Number C-188084, Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences and Engineering Ecology, Colorado School of Mines. March 31, 1988. 53 pages.  Emerick Final Report C-188084-1988.pdf

EPA (undated) Draft Final Report, Peru Creek Basin Brown Fields Assessment CD

EPA. Region 8. Memorandum. Received August 28 2001. From Michael Bade (Chemist), William Schroeder (Biologist) and Linda “Bo” Meyer (Laboratory Quality Assurance Officer) to Carol Russell, EPR-EP. Analytical Results – Snake River (U8-010049 and U8-010050). Samples received from the Snake River project on May 21 and June 4, 2001.

EPA. Region 8. Memorandum. Received Jan 30 2002. From Gary Perryman (Inorganic Chemist), William Schroeder (Biologist), and Linda “Bo” Meyer (Laboratory Quality Assurance Officer) to Carol Russell, EPR-EP. Analytical Results – Snake River (U8-020026 and U8-020047). Samples received from the Snake River project on October 15 and 29, 2001.

EPA. Region 8. Memorandum. Received Sep 4 2002. From Gary Perryman (Inorganic Chemist), Sandra Spence (Microbiologist) and Linda “Bo” Meyer (Laboratory Quality Assurance Officer) to Carol Russell, EPR-EP. Analytical Results – Snake River (U8-020092). Samples received from the Snake River project on March 26, 2002.

EPA. 1993. Guidance on Conducting Non-Time-Critical Removal Actions Under CERCLA. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. August.

EPA. 1998. Federal Mining Dialogue Conference. Meeting Summary. October 20-22. Frisco, Colorado. 130 p.

EPA. 1999. National Recommended Water Quality Criteria – Correction: Report EPA 822-Z-99-001, Office of Water, April, 25 p.

EPA. 2002. “Methods for Measuring Acute Toxicity of Effluents and Receiving Waters to Freshwater and Marine Organisms.” October 2002.

EPA. 2005. Management and Treatment of Water from Hard Rock Mines.

EPA. 2006. Interactive Abandoned Mine Lands Workshop Series – Acid Mine Water Treatment Technologies. September. CD

EPA, Campbell, Carol, Director Ecosystems Protection Manager. Jan 03, 2000. Arapahoe Basin Master Development plan Final Environmental Impact Statement and Decision CEQ # 990432.

Fazekas, Timothy et. al. April 2003. Site Characterization, Pennsylvania Mine, Summit County, Colorado. 36 pages.  Fazekas 2003.pdf

Fey, D.L., Church, S.E., Unruh, D.M., et al. 2002. Water and Sediment Study of the Snake River Watershed, Colorado, Oct. 9-12, 2001. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 02-0330.

Fey, D.L., Church, S.E., Schmidt, T.S., et.al. 2007. Selected Field Parameters from Streams and Preliminary Analytical Data from Waste and Macroinvertebrate Samples, Central Colorado Assessment Project, Environmental Assessment Task, 2004-2005. U.S. Geological Survey, Open File Report 2007-1044. 37 pp.  USGS Fey 2007-1044.pdf

Fields, Dale K. 2001. Sampling for Aquatic Invertebrates, Upper Snake River Basin. August 22, 2001: Sampling Plan. 5 pages.  Fields 01.pdf

Fitzpatrick, F.A., Waite, I.R., D’Arconte, P.D., et al. 1998. Revised Methods for Characterizing Stream Habitat in the National Water-Quality Assessment Program. U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4052. 67 pages  USGS Fitzpatrick 98-4052.pdf

GEI Consultants, Inc., Chadwick Ecological Division. 2006. Aquatic Ecological Monitoring of the North Fork of the Snake River and Deer Creek, 2001-2006. Submitted to the Arapahoe Basin Ski Area. Don Conklin, Project Manager. 67 pages.  GEI chadwick eco div 01-06.pdf

Greve, A.J., Spahr, N.E., Van Metre, P.C., and Wilson, J.T. 2001. Identification of Water-Quality Trends Using Sediment Cores from Dillon Reservoir, Summit County, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4022, 33 p.

Gusek, Jim. 2005. Selected Case Studies – Applications of Sulfate Reducing Bioreactors in the Passive Treatment of Acid Mine/Rock Drainage. August 15-18, 2005.

Gusek, Jim. 2007. Personal email communications between Jerry Goedert and Jim Gusek. November 19, 2007.

Hageman, Philip L. 2004. Use of Short-Term (5-Minute) and Long-Term(18- Hour) Leaching tests to Characterize, Fingerprint, and Rank Mine-Waste Material from Historical Mines in the Deer Creek, Snake River, and Clear Creek Watersheds in and around the Montezuma Mining District, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5104  USGS Hageman 04.pdf

Holm, J.D., Sullivan, T. and Stenulson, B. 1979. The Restoration of Peru Creek. Analyzing the

feasibility of abating toxicity associated with abandoned mine drainage. Colorado 208 Water Quality Unit in cooperation with Colorado Water Quality Control Division and US Forest Service. October. 65 p.  Holm Oct 1979.pdf

Horn, B. 2001. Biotoxicity Report, Animas River aquatic toxicity profiles with existing water quality conditions: Appendix 6c in Simon, W., Butler, P., and Owen, J.R., eds., Use attainability analysis for the Animas River watershed, Animas River Stakeholders Group, 240 p,. appendices, CD-ROM, http://www.waterinfo.org.arsg/.

Hornberger, G. M., Bencala, K. E., and McKnight, D. M. 1994. Hydrological controls on dissolved organic carbon during snowmelt in the Snake River near Montezuma, Colorado. Biogeochemistry Vol. 25, pp. 147-165.  Hornberger 94.pdf

Hornberger, G. M., Boyer, E. W., and Bencala, K. E. (undated) Landscape-Scale Determinants of the Hydrological and Hydrochemical Responses of Mountainous Catchments. A proposal submitted to the National Science Foundation. Includes Elizabeth Boyer’s Snake River and Deer Creek research, funded by NSF June 1993 to June 1996. 5 pages

Hosick, Theresa. August 2001 Enforcement Confidential Analytical report SP0079R01 Snake River Dillon, Colorado Project No. SP0079. 8 pages

H.P.T. Research, Inc. (undated) New Innovative Technology For the Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD). Treatment for Hydrocarbon & MTBE Contaminated Water. Acid Mine Drainage Treatment Process. Abbreviated Final Report: Mine Waste Technology Program and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Additions: California State University Fresno  HPT research inc.pdf

Leviathan Mine AMD, Berkeley Pit AMD, Iron Mountain Mine AMD Tests and Treatment of Radioactive Wastewater. 150 pages

Hurlbut, S.C. June 1990. Effects of Heavy Metals on Benthic Macroinvertebrate Communities in Two High Elevation Streams, Colorado Front Range. Master’s Thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering Ecology. 81 pages Hurlburt.pdf

Huskie, William W. 1987. The Pennsylvania Mine Drainage Diversion Study: Evaluation of an Existing High Mountain Wetland for Passive Treatment of Metal-Laden Acid Mine Discharge in Colorado. Master’s Thesis, Colorado School of Mines. 125 p.  Huskie.pdf

Hydrosphere Resource Consultants, 2001, Keystone Ski Area Water Quality Study, Boulder, CO, USA. June 2001.  Keystone Executive 2001.pdf

Keystone Center. 2003. Restoring Water Quality in the Snake River Basin: Grant Application to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Consolidated Funding Process (CFP), 16 p.

Keystone Center and Northwest Colorado Council of Governments. 2003. Restoring Water Quality in the Snake River Basin: Nonpoint Source Program Watershed Proposal (319 Grant).

Keystone Center. 2002. Draft Snake River Task Force Summer 2002 Recent Activities/Events. Recently Completed Studies. 9 pages

Keystone Center. September 6, 2000. Memorandum. Sara Stokes to Snake River Watershed Task Force. Summary from the August 24 Meeting. 23 pages

Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., and Gerner, L.J. 1999. Quantification of Metal Loading in French Gulch, Summit County, Colorado, Using a Tracer-Injection Study, July 1996. U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4078. In cooperation with the Colorado Department of Natural Resources Division of Minerals and Geology.  USGS kimball 98-4078.pdf

L.F. Brown & Associates Inc. (1998) Brown, Larry F., Ph.D. French Gulch Surface Waste Removal Action Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analysis. Prepared for French Gulch Mines, June 22. 60 pages

Livingston, Peggy. February 02, 2001 Colorado’s position on 401 certification appeal on Arapaho Basin snowmaking. Before the water quality control commission state of Colorado. Appeal and request for hearing and stay of 401 certification for snowmaking activities at Arapahoe Basin Ski Area. 10 pages

Livingston, Peggy, May 1, 2001. Want update on Arapahoe Basin 3 pages + before the water quality control commission state of Colorado. In the matter of the water quality control division’s 401 certification for Snowmaking activities at Arapahoe Basin Ski Area. 16 pages.

Lovering, T.S. 1935. Geology and Ore Deposits of the Montezuma Quadrangle, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 178.

Martin, Lori. June 15, 1999. Water Quality Control Division-Upper Colorado Biologist.
WQCD Monitoring of Peru Creek. 2 pages

Mayer, F.L. and Ellersieck M.R., Manual of Acute Toxicity: Interpretation and Data Base for 410 Chemicals and 66 Species of Freshwater Animals, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Resource Publication 160, 1986.

McKnight, D.M. 2002. Abandoned Mines, Mountain Sports, and Climate Change: Trouble Ahead and Trouble Behind. University of Colorado, INSTAAR. A presentation at UC-Davis, October, 2002.

McKnight, Dr. Diane, Project Manager. April 07, 2000. Proposal: Characterization of Stream Ecosystem in Snake River Watershed for Snake River Task Force. 16 pages

McKnight, D.M., Bencala, K.E., and Zellweger, G.W., et.al. 1992. Sorption of Dissolved Organic Carbon by Hydrous Aluminum and Iron Oxides Occurring at the Confluence of Deer Creek with the Snake River, Summit County, Colorado. Environmental Science and Technology Vol. 26, No. 7, pp. 1388-1396.  mcknight 92.pdf

McKnight, D.M., Wershaw, R.L., Bencala, Kenneth E., et. al. 1992. Humic substances and trace metals associated with Fe and Al oxides deposited in an acidic mountain stream. The Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp 485-498.  mcknight- humic-92.pdf

McKnight, Diane M, and Bencala, E. Kenneth. 1990. The Chemistry of Iron, Aluminum, and Dissolved Organic Material in Three Acidic, Metal-Enriched, Mountain Streams, as Controlled by Watershed and in-Stream Processes. Water Resources Research Vol. 26, No.12, pp. 3087-3100.  mcknight 90.pdf

McKnight, Diane M., and Feder, Gerald L. 1984. The ecological effect of acid conditions and precipitation of hydrous metal oxides in a Rocky Mountain stream. Hydrobiologia Vol. 119, pp. 129-138.  mcknight 84.pdf

McKnight, Diane, and Bencala, Kenneth E. 1988. Diel Variations in Iron Chemistry in an Acidic Stream in the Colorado Rocky Mountains, U.S.A. Arctic and Alpine Research Vol. 20, No.4, pp. 492-500.  mcknight- diel vari 88.pdf

McKnight, Diane M, Bencala, Kenneth E. 1989. Reactive iron transport in an acidic mountain stream in Summit County, Colorado: A hydrologic perspective. Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta Vol. 53. pp 2225-2234.  mcknight 89.pdf

Means, R. S. 2007. Building Construction Cost Data. 2007.

Mize, S.V., and Deacon, J.R. 2000. National Water Quality Assessment Program. Algal Data From Selected Sites in the Upper Colorado River Basin, Colorado, Water Years 1996-97. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 00-266. 60 pp.  USGS mize 00-266.pdf

Mize, Scott V., and Deacon, Jeffrey R. 2002. Relationship of Benthic Macroinvertebrates to concentrations of trace elements in water, streambed sediments, and transplanted bryophytes and stream habitat conditions in non-mining and mining areas of the Upper Colorado River Basin, 1995-1998. U.S. Geological Survey, Water – Resources Investigations Report 02-4139. 55 pp. USGS mize 02-4139.pdf

Moran, R.E. and Wentz, D.A. 1974. Effects of Metal-Mine Drainage on Water Quality in Selected Areas of Colorado, 1972-73: Prepared by the USGS for the Colorado Water Conservation Board, Colorado Water Resources Circular No. 25, 250 p.

Munk, L., et. al. 2002. Sorption of trace metals to an aluminum precipitate in a stream receiving acid rock-drainage; Snake River, Summit County, Colorado. Applied Geochemistry Vol. 17, pp. 421 – 430.

Munroe, Erik A., 2000. Abandoned Mine Lands in Peru Creek, Deer Creek, Upper Snake River, and Swan River Watersheds. Sources of metal contamination to the environment and their amelioration through passive treatment options. White River National Forest, Dillon Ranger District, Silverthorne, CO. 18 page report + 3 maps, pictures and graphs.

Neuerburg, George J. 1971a. Maps showing Soil Analyses of Interest for Prospecting the Montezuma Stock, Summit County, Colorado. USGS Map I-634

Neuerburg, George J. 1971b. Maps showing Distribution of Selected Accessory Minerals in the Montezuma Stock, Summit County, Colorado. USGS Map I-608.

Neuerburg, George J., and Botinelly, Theodore. 1972. Map showing Geologic and Structural Control of Ore Deposits, Montezuma District, Central Colorado. USGS Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-750.

Niyogi, D.K. 1999. Effects of Stress from Mine Drainage on Ecosystems Functions in Rocky Mountain Streams: xi, 181 leaves.

Niyogi, D.K., McKnight, D.M., and Lewis, W.M. Jr. 1999. Influences of water and substrate quality for periphyton in a montane stream affected by acid mine drainage. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc. Vol. 44, No. 3, part 2, pp. 804-809.  Niyogi-Mcknight 1999.pdf

Northwest Colorado Council of Governments (NWCCOG). April 2006. Pennsylvania Mine MSL Demonstration Project Technology Alternatives Assessment. Prepared under Snake River Watershed Task Force, Keystone Center, and technical direction of Lane Wyatt. Shaw, Jim, Figueroa, Dr. Linda, et. al.

Northwest Colorado Council of Governments (NWCCOG). September 21, 2004. Water-Quality Assessment-Snake River Watershed, Summit County, Color Final Report. (CD) + written table of contents

Northwest Colorado Council of Governments (NWCCOG). 2002. Snake River Sample Analysis and Assessment Plan: Prepared by Lane Wyatt, Acting Director of Watershed Services, Section 319 Grant Application, Project Summary Sheet, 12 p.

Pokrandt, Jim, September 10, 2003. Summit Daily News, County to buy Peru Creek Basin open Space. 4 pages  pokrandt 03.pdf

Pride, D.E., Faure, G., and Robinson, C.S. 1997. Identification and Characterization of Mine Effluent in Streams of the Colorado Mineral Belt – The Snake River, Montezuma Mining District: 4th International Symposium on Environmental Geochemistry, Proceedings, Vail, Co, October 5-10, USGS Open-File Report 97-0496.

Rudolph, 2007, Site Inspection – Sample and Analysis Plan, Cinnamon Gulch and Pennsylvania Mine Site Area, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Hazardous Waste and Materials Management Division.

Runkel, Robert L et al. Estimating instream constituent loads using replicate synoptic sampling. Journal of Hydrology 489 (2013): 26-41. runkel_etal_jhydro2013

Runkel, Robert L, Bencala, Kenneth E., and Broshears, Robert E. Reactive solute transport in streams 1. Development of an equilibrium-based model. Water Resources Research 32.2 (1996): 409-418.  Runkel 1.pdf

Runkel, Robert L, McKnight, Diane M., and Bencala, Kenneth E. Reactive solute transport in streams 2. Simulation of a pH modification experiment. Water Resources Research 32.2 (1996): 419-430.  Runkel 2.pdf

Russell, Carol. May 16, 2001. Request for Unique Laboratory sample analyses. Snake River Sampling, Dillon, CO. 7 pages

Russell, Carol, August 16, 2001. Snake River Dillon, Colorado Project No. SP0079. 1 page

Sares, Matt. 2000. Geology and Water Quality in Rock Talk, Volume 3, No. 2, Colorado Geological Survey. April 2000.

Schroeder, Bill. 2002 (draft). Chemical and Toxicological Assessment of the Snake River and Peru Creek: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 11 p. and tables

Smith, K.S., Hageman, P.L., Briggs, P.H., et al. 2006. Questa Baseline and Pre-Mining Ground-Water Quality Investigation. 19. Leaching Characteristics of Composited Materials from Mine Waste-Rock Piles and Naturally Altered Areas near Questa, New Mexico. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5165. 49 pp.  USGS Smith 2006-5165.pdf

Smith, Kathleen S. 2007. Strategies to predict metal mobility in surficial mining environments. Understanding and Responding to Hazardous Substances at Mine Sites in the Western United States. The Geological Society of America Reviews in Engineering Geology XVII pp. 25-45 Smith 07.pdf

Snake River Watershed Task Force. Undated. Project Title: Mining Legacies in the Snake River Basin: Restoring Water Quality through Engaging Stakeholders and good Science. 5 pages

Spahr, N.E., Boulger, R.W. and Szmajter, R.J. 2000. Water Quality at Basic Fixed Sites in the Upper Colorado River Basin National Water-Quality Assessment Study Unit, October 1995- September 1998. U.S. Geological Survey, Water- Resources Investigation Report 99-4223. USGS spahr 99-4223.pdf

Spahr, N.E., Apodaca, L.E., Deacon, J.R., et. al. 2000. Water Quality in the Upper Colorado River Basin, Colorado, 1996-1998. USGS circular 1214.  USGS Spahr Circular1214.pdf

Steele, T.D. 1985. Harmonic Analyses of Stream Temperatures in the Upper Colorado River Basin: USGS Water Resources Investigations Report 84-4290, 51 p.

Sullivan, A.B., Drever, J.I., and McKnight, D.M. 1998. Diel variation in element concentrations, Peru Creek, Summit County, Colorado. Journal of Geochemical Exploration Vol. 64, pp. 141-145.  Sullivan 98.pdf

Sullivan, A.B., and Drever, J.I. 2001. Geochemistry of suspended particles in a mine-affected mountain stream. Applied Geochemistry Vol.16, pp.1663-1676.

Summit County. 2006. Shoe Basin Mine VCUP Action – Completion Certification Report. 2006.

Summit Daily News. 2007. “Recent Survey Confirms Snake River Fish Kill”. August 21, 2007.

TDS Consulting, Inc. Steele, Timothy, D. 2006. Water-Quality Assessment, Snake River Watershed, Summit County, Colorado. Final Report. November 7. 47 pages.  Steele,Tim WQ-assess 11-7-06.pdf

TDS Consulting Inc. Steele, Timothy, D. 2006. Upper Clear Creek Watershed Plan 319 Grant Report Final Report Revision 1 Phase II Work Tasks. Prepared for Upper Clear Creek Watershed Association, Idaho Springs, Colorado. February 17. 300 to 400 pages UPPERCLEARCREEKFEBRUARY172006.pdf

TDS Consulting, Inc., 2004. Steele, Timothy. Water-Quality Assessment – Snake River Watershed, Summit County Colorado, Final Report. September 21. CD-ROM

Report Text.pdf

Figures.pdf

Tables.pdf

Appendix A.pdf

Appendix B.pdf

Appendix C.pdf

Appendices C2 through F.pdf

TDS Consulting, Inc., Steele, Timothy D. 2003. Snake River Watershed, Water Quality Assessment – Project Strategic Plan, Revised Draft – Discussion/Review Purposes Only. Prepared for Summit Water Quality Committee and Northwest Colorado Council of Governments. TDS Project No. 0302, May 22, 8 p. and 4 figures.  TDS-Steele,Tim WQ-assess 5-22-03.pdf

Tetra Tech Inc., 2004. Development of a Sampling, Analysis, and Assessment Plan (SAAP) for Upcoming Snake River and Peru Creek TMDLs. Prepared for the Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment through the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region VIII, EPA Contract #68-C-00-169. August 18, 25 p.

Theobold, P.K. et al., 1963, The precipitation of aluminum, iron, manganese at the junction of Deer Creek with the Snake River in Summit County, Colorado. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 121-132.

Todd, Andrew, McKnight, D. and Wyatt, L. 2003. Abandoned Mines, Mountain Sports, and Climate Variability: Implications for the Colorado Tourism Economy. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union Vol. 84, No. 38, pp. 377-386. September 23.

Todd, Andrew S. 2005. Mining Legacies in the Snake River Watershed: The Interaction of Biogeochemistry, Stream Ecology, and Human Use. Master’s Thesis submitted to University of Colorado. 143 pages  DISSERTATION MASTER FINAL.pdf

Todd, A.S., McKnight, D.M., and Duren, S.M. 2005. Water Quality Characteristics for the Snake River, North Fork of the Snake River, Peru Creek, and Deer Creek in Summit County, Colorado: 2001 to 2002. S.M. Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research Occasional Paper No. 57 and INSTAAR/OP57. 45 pages.  Todd 2005 Occ Paper 57.pdf

Todd, A.S., McKnight, D.M., Jaros, C.L., and Marchitto, T.M. June 2006. Effects of Acid Rock Drainage on Stocked Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): An In-Situ, Caged Fish Experiment. In Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 9 pages  Todd 06.pdf

Tokash, Samantha. 2003 (draft). Evaluating Pre-Mining Hydrogeologic Conditions After Mining has Occurred Using Surface Data and Modeling Tools, Summit County, Colorado. Master’s Thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Department of Geological Engineering.  Thesis.pdf

Trust for Land Restoration. 2002. Peru Creek Basin Brownfields Assessment, Summit County, Colorado – Brownfields Assessment Demonstration Pilot: VII. Summary of Initial Environmental Liability Management Assessment, Prioritization Report, Draft – For Internal Review, Distributed to the Snake River Task Force, October 15, 14 p.

Trust for Land Restoration, Willits, P. and Kodish, J. 2004. Peru Creek Basin Brownfield Assessment, Environmental Liability Management Analysis. June 24. 21 pages.

Trust for Land Restoration. 2004. Peru Creek Basin Brownfield Assessment, Summit County, Colorado. Brownfields Assessment Demonstration Pilot. Final Report. June 25. prepared for

Summit County Open Space and Trails Department.  peru brownfield 6-25-04.pdf

Trust for Land Restoration, Willits, Patrick, Director. 2004. Peru Creek Basin Brownfield Assessment, Summit County, Colorado. Brownfield Assessment Demonstration Pilot. Final Report, Executive Summary. June 26. 7 pages. With reference to complete text at:http://restorationtrust.org/legalguides.htmperu brownfield 6-26 exec summary.pdf

University of Delaware, Center for Climatic Research, Department of Geography. 1986. Terrestrial Water Budget Archive: Version 1.01, compiled by C.J. Willmott and C.M. Rowe.

URS Corporation (URS). 2003. Passive and Semi-Active Treatment of Acid Rock Drainage from Metal Mines – State of the Practice. April 2, 2003.

URS Operating Services, Inc. September 17, 2001. Site Assessment Field Sampling Plan. Snake River Technical Support, Summit County, CO. Prepared in Association with Tetra Tech EM, Inc., URS Corporation, LT Environmental, Inc., TN & Associates, Inc., and TechLaw, Inc. for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), Superfund Technical Assessment and Response Team 2 (START2), Region VIII, Contract No. 68-W-00-118. TDD No. 0108-0005.

URS Operating Services, Inc. January 7, 2002. Site Assessment Analytical Results Report Phase I – September 2001. Snake River Technical Support, Summit County Colorado. Prepared in Association with Tetra Tech EM, Inc., URS Corporation, LT Environmental, Inc., TN & Associates, Inc., and TechLaw, Inc. for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), Superfund Technical Assessment and Response Team 2 (START2), Region VIII, Contract No. 68-W-00-118. TDD No. 0108-0005. Large report + maps.  URS 2002.PDF

URS Operating Services, Inc. June 11, 2002. Sampling Activities Report for Phase II Site Assessment Conducted May 21, 2002, by Barry Hayhurst. Snake River Technical Support, Summit County, Colorado. Prepared in Association with Tetra Tech EM, Inc., URS Corporation, LT Environmental, Inc., TN & Associates, Inc., and TechLaw, Inc. for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), Superfund Technical Assessment and Response Team 2 (START2), Region VIII, Contract No. 68-W-00-118, TDD #0108-0005. Transmittal Letter to Sabrina Forrest and 2 page Statement of Work + chart.

URS Operating Services, Inc. November 12, 2002. Site Assessment, Analytical Results Report, Phase II – May 2002, Snake River Technical Support, Summit County, Colorado. Prepared in Association with Tetra Tech EM, Inc., URS Corporation, LT Environmental, Inc., TN & Associates, Inc., and TechLaw, Inc. for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), Superfund Technical Assessment and Response Team 2 (START2), Region VIII, Contract No. 68-W-00-118, TDD No. 0108-0005. CD-ROM, 9 sections (22 p.), and Appendices A through D

URS Operating Services. 2002b. Snake River Technical Support – Phase II Analytical Results Report. November 2002.

URS Operating Services, Inc. November 4, 2002. Snake River Technical Support – Site Assessment Analytical Results Report – Phase II.

Use-Attainability Analysis (UAA). 2007. Aquatic Life Use – Snake River Watershed, Summit County Colorado. Peru Creek: (Upper Colorado River Basin, Blue River, Stream Segment 7, COUCBR07) and Snake River: (parts of Upper Colorado Basin, Blue River, Stream Segment 6, COUCBR06). Draft for discussion – November 19. 27 pages

USDA Forest Service. July 2006. Arapahoe Basin 2006 Improvement Plan. Rocky Mountain Region, White River National Forest. Draft Environmental Impact Statement.  USDA Forest Service 2006 ABasin.pdf

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1975. National Wetlands Inventory Map, Keystone, Colorado.

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1977. National Wetlands Inventory Map, Montezuma, Colorado.

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 2007. Endangered, Proposed, and Candidate Species Colorado Counties. November 2007.

USGS. 1974. 7.5 Minute Topographic Quadrangle, Montezuma, Colorado.

USGS. 1999. AML Science Team. Abandoned Mine Land Initiative – Providing Science for Watershed Issues: in Modreski, P.J., compiler, Open-File Report 99-231.

USGS. 2000. Ingersoll, D. MacDonald, et al. “Prediction of sediment toxicity using consensus-based freshwater sediment quality guidelines.” EPA 905/R-00/007. June 2000.

USGS. 2001. Historical Water-Quality Sampling Locations in the Snake River Watershed. March. 15 pages.

USGS. 2004. U.S. Department of the Interior – Water Resources Data. Station Number 09047700, Keystone Gulch near Dillon, CO. State 08 County 117. Processed 2004-06-02. 150 pages

Volunteers of Outdoor Colorado. 1994. Peru Creek – Pennsylvania Mine Project Bioreactor Construction and Revegetation. 1994.

Wallace, Bill. June 19, 2001. Cinnamon Gulch Project and Snake River Water Quality Improvements. DRAFT. 8 pages + maps

Walsh, William A., January 30, 2007. Memorandum: Snake River Visual Evaluation. 5 pages.

Walsh, W.A. and McRury, N, 2003. Toxicity Effects of Zinc, Cadmium, and Lead on Aquatic Biology in the Blue River Watershed, Appendix B to Use Attainability Analysis, Lower French Gulch and the Blue River Downstream from French Gulch, near Breckenridge, Summit County Colorado, 2003.

Wentz, D.A. 1974. Effect of Mine Drainage on the Quality of Streams in Colorado, 1971-71: Prepared by USGS in Cooperation with the Colorado Water Pollution Control Commission, Colorado Water Conservation Board, Colorado Water Resources Circular No. 21

Western Regional Climate Center Website. 2008. http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi
bin/cliMAIN.pl?codill

Wong, Jeffrey W. 2006. Quantifying the Effect of Drought on Transport Processes Controlling Metal Contamination in Peru Creek, An Acid Mine Drainage Stream. B.S., Tufts University, 2002. Master’s Thesis submitted to University of Colorado as partial fulfillment of Master of Science, Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering. 114 pages. Wong.pdf

Wood II, Robert H., Bird, David A. and Sares, Matthew A. 2005. Mine Site History and Watershed characterization of the Cinnamon Gulch Area, Dillon Ranger District, White River National Forest, Summit County, Colorado. Colorado Geological Survey Department of Natural Resources Division of Minerals and Geology Denver, Colorado. Open-File Report 05-1

WQCC, 2006a. Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Water Quality Control Commission, 2006, 303(d) List of Impaired Waters, 2006.  WoodII 2005.pdf

WQCC, 2006b. Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Water Quality Control Commission, The Basic Standards and Methodologies for Surface Water, Regulation No. 31. Effective December 31, 2005.

WQCC, 2006c. Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Water Quality Control Commission, Classifications and Numeric Standards Upper Colorado River Basin and North Platte River, Regulation No. 33. Effective March 2006.

WQCD, 2007. Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Water Quality Control Division, DRAFT Total Maximum Daily Load Assessment, Snake River and Peru Creek, Summit County Colorado, August 2007.

Wyatt, Lane. 2003. Snake River Sample Analysis and Assessment Plan – Semi-Annual Report: October 17.

Wyatt, Lane. 2004. Snake River Sample Analysis and Assessment Plan – 2nd Semi-Annual Report: May 11.

Wyatt, Lane, TDS Consulting Inc., and Walsh Ecological Consultants, Inc. 2002. Blue River Use-Attainability Analysis: Revised Draft Final Report, Prepared on behalf of the Summit Water Quality Committee, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment, April 12.

Yang, Chi. 2006. Effects of Acid Mine Drainage on Nesting Tree Swallows. Master’s Thesis submitted to the University of Colorado as partial fulfillment of Master of Science, Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering. 93 pages.  Yang.pdf